Monday, March 21, 2011

Now that U.S., allies have attacked Libya, what are the goals?

McClatchy Newspapers

LONDON-With U.S., British and French forces now fully engaged in attacking Moammar Gadhafi's military in Libya from the air and sea, and the chairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff declaring that a no-fly zone is n effect, the question becomes: How does this end?
The United Nations Security Council resolution that authorized the attacks defines the goal as a cease-fire that stops Gadhafi from assaulting his people.
President Barack Obama on Thursday added to that by saying that Gadhafi "must stop his troops from advancing on Benghazi, pull them back from Ajdabiya, Misrata, and Zawiya" - three cities that had at one time been under rebel control - "and establish water, electricity and gas supplies to all areas."
And, Obama said, "Humanitarian assistance must be allowed to reach the people of Libya."
But whether such a cease-fire could leave Gadhafi in power remains an open question. Neither the U.N. nor Obama have said explicitly that Gadhafi must be removed from power, though Obama had previously called on Gadhafi to step down.
On Sunday, Michele Flournoy, U.S. defense undersecretary for policy, implied in an interview with the BBC that nothing short of a Gadhafi departure from power was acceptable. "He's lost his legitimacy," she said.
Still, Flournoy was unwilling to say explicitly that Gadhafi had to go in order for the U.S.-led campaign to end. "It's too early to speculate as to where this ends up," she said.
Adm. Mike Mullen, the chairman of the U.S. Joint Chief of Staff, was similarly reluctant to make any long-term predictions in an interview with ABC News.
Describing the military objective as "limited," he dodged a question about whether the no-fly zone over Libya might remain in place for as long as the U.S. enforced a similar zone over Iraq - 12 years. "Circumstances will drive where this goes," he said.
That troubles some military analysts, who worry that the West's urgent action over the weekend isn't backed by planning for what sort of Libya will be left behind when the aerial campaign stops.
It also troubles leading lawmakers on Capitol Hill.
"Before any further military commitments are made, the administration must do a better job of communicating to the American people and to Congress about our mission in Libya and how it will be achieved." House Speaker John Boehner, R-Ohio, said Sunday.
"I think we're seeing the opening shot of a fairly long campaign," said retired Royal Navy Rear Adm. Chris Parry, a former top planner for Britain's Defense Ministry. Calling the airstrikes against Libya as a "something-must-be-done strategy," Parry said he'd seen no "evidence of a long-term strategy."
The U.N. resolution "only takes us so far," he said. "Some thought has got to be given to what comes next."
Paul Pillar, a professor at Georgetown University in Washington who spent nearly three decades as a senior U.S. intelligence analyst, said that on its face, the U.N. resolution offers no formula for ending the West's military obligations. "If the mission is to protect Libyans, this is a mission that inherently has no end," he said, as long as Gadhafi remains in power.
That could certainly happen, Pillar said. "A central fact is the disunity of Libya, which is stitched together from three parts," he said. "It is plausible that (Gadhafi) would hold out in the west even if the eastern part of the country remains" in rebel hands.
The specter of an Iraq-like commitment that lasts years and leaves the West ultimately setting up a post-Gadhafi government hovers over the entire operation. Former British Army commander Michael Jackson unintentionally made that point during an interview with the BBC Sunday morning.
"The political goal has got to be a stable Iraq," Jackson said in response to a question about how the conflict might end. The interviewer immediately interrupted - "you mean Libya," she said.
"What did I say?" Jackson asked. Told he had said Iraq, the retired general - who led the British army when the Iraq war began - chuckled. "Forgive me, a Freudian slip."
Jackson said he had no inside knowledge of what is under consideration for Libya.

Jackson went on to outline a scenario that included a diplomatic arrangement in which Gadhafi remains in power.
But he also raised the prospect that the U.N.-sanctioned operation could move beyond the current aerial bombardment if airstrikes fail to topple Gadhafi or bring him to some acceptable accommodation with his armed opponents.
Noting that the U.N. resolution that authorized the attacks prohibits a foreign occupation, Jackson said that doesn't mean no ground troops. "'Occupation' is open to interpretation," he said. "Another interpretation you could make is that limited ground operations could take place."
Obama has said no U.S. troops would be used in such an action, but aerial campaigns have had little success in toppling authoritarian leaders. The no-fly zone set up in 1991 over Iraq crippled Saddam Hussein, but it took a U.S. invasion in 2003 to actually push him out.
Robert Gelbard, a former State Department official who was President Bill Clinton's special representative for the Balkans, said ground troops could be needed to topple Gadhafi. The no-fly zone, he said, "will be insufficient to change what the Libyan military is trying to do."
To date, the rebels - largely untrained civilians carrying weapons looted from military stores in the east or captured in battle - have been unable to hold territory they took in the days when they optimistically started a march toward Tripoli from their bastions in the east.
Their knowledge of the weapons systems they have is limited: On Saturday, the rebels apparently shot down one of their own planes over Benghazi.
While Benghazi was back under rebel control Sunday, Gadhafi's forces were besieging Misrata, a city in the west that has been under rebel control for nearly a month, and it was not clear, to outside analysts at least, that the Western aerial campaign could help.
Gadhafi apparently was not using aircraft in the assault and, with his forces inside the city, Western bombing could be risky.
"Gadhafi's forces are inside urban areas and that makes it difficult to conduct operations that don't hurt civilians," Jackson, the former British army chief, noted.
"It didn't seem the air force was responsible for an enormous amount of warfare," Gelbard said. "There was much more artillery and infantry."
There's another worry. Gadhafi vowed Sunday to open arms depots and provide weapons to a million sympathizers, suggesting the prospect for a long-term civil war. That's a real possibility that Western airstrikes could do little to prevent.
While the West often talks as if Gadhafi faces opposition from the whole Libyan population, that overstates the case. Mustafa Geriani, a spokesman for the National Libyan Council, the group that acts as a rebel national government, said Sunday that many of the pro-Gadhafi fighters rebels faced in Benghazi over the weekend are civilian loyalists who'd "popped up when the fighting started."
Geriani also said there'd been no coordination between the rebels and Western forces before Saturday's airstrikes, which began with 20 French aircraft attacking Gadhafi tanks outside Benghazi. Had there been, he said, rebel leaders wouldn't have fled to Tobruk so quickly. Most had returned to Benghazi on Sunday, he said.
As for the future, Geriani said rebel leaders, too, are wondering what comes next, now that the no-fly zone has been imposed.
"Now that Gadhafi cannot use his airplanes, our needs have changed," he said.
(Seibel reported from London, Youssef from Tobruk, Libya, and Gutman from Washington. Steven Thomma in Washington contributed to this report.)

No comments:

Post a Comment


my Myra Yana Homestay
Melor Kota Bharu Kelantan Malaysia


* Lengkap perabut, peti sejuk, mesin basuh, TV, katil, dapur gas, pinggan mangkuk dan lain-lain.

* Bekalan air "mineral" boring berkualiti dan jernih.

* Suasana kampung dihadapan jalan yang bertentangan.

*Terletak tepi jalan Melor ke Gunung.

*Hanya 1.2 km dari simpang utama Pekan Melor ke Pekan Gunung.

*Pekan Melor lengkap dengan kemudahan 3 stesyen minyak iaitu Shell, Petronas dan Esso Mobil, kedai 24 Jam, Mesin ATM, Bank, Restoran, kedai-kedai makan, pasar dan banyak lagi.

* Cuma 1.2 km ke Masjid Mahmudi dan Sekolah Agama Azariah Tahfiz yang terkenal dengan pelbagai program dakwah dan pelbagai pengisian kuliah oleh penceramah dan pendawah terkenal.

*Pekan Melor merupakan hentian bas ekspress ke laluan Terangganu, Kuala Lumpur dan laluan Selatan. Pekan ini hidup 24 jam. Ia merupakan zon tengah kelantan yang mudah untuk ke semua lokasi timur barat kelantan.

*Berdekatan Balai Polis Melor dan Homestay ini bakal dilengkapi dengan "Alarm System" Keselamatan


200 m - Pusat Latihan Memandu JPJ.

500 m - Pusat Latihan Komuniti Jabatan Pertanian Kelantan.

5 km - Pekan Ketereh yang boleh menuju ke Politeknik Kok Lanas dengan jarak cuma 1.7 km dari Pekan Ketereh ini cuma 1.3 Km ke Satdium Red Warriors yang dalam pembinaan.

6 Km - Pekan Gunung.

7 Km - Pekan Jelawat dan SMK Perdana.

8 Km - UMK, ILP, PPD Bachok, Kem Khidmat Negara Bachok.

10 Km - Istana Sultan Kelantan.

11 Km - HUSM Kubang Krian.

13 Km - Pantai Irama pantai pelancongan.

15 Km - Kota Bharu

16 Km - Pasir Putih.

406 Km - Kangar Perlis.

Untuk Tempahan Sila Hubungi Saya

0194807144 @ 0194658144

Email -

Foto Kaabah dulu dan kini

Foto Kaabah dulu dan kini

Tujuh Benda Ajaib Di Dunia

7 benda ajaib didunia,sering kita sebut-sebut sebagai hadiah terbaik tamadun lalu kepada manusia pada masa kini.Namun apa dia sebenarnya ketujuh-tujuh benda ajaib tersebut.

Sebahagian daripada kita langsung tidak mengetahui apakah sebenarnya atau lokasi benda-benda ajaib tersebut.mengikut sejarah yang telah ditulis,dimulakan susunannya oleh seorang penulis bernama Antipater dari Sidon,pengaruh pertama dari empayar Greek kuno pada tahun 100's B.C.Sejarah ditulis,diubah, serta direka.

Namun Bukti tetap ada pada kesan runtuhannya sebagai peringatan kepada umat yang akan datang. So, check it out guys!

Tembok Besar China yang mempunyai lebih 24,000 pintu gerbang dan panjang 5,000 kilometer.

2) Piramid yang dibina dengan 2,500,000 blok batu besar yang tersusun rapi. Piramid Giza:keajaiban dari bangsa mesir kuno.

3) Taj Mahal istana yang dibina oleh Maharaja India, Shah Jahan untuk isterinya Mumtaz

4) Candi Borobudur yang terletak di Jawa

5) Angkor Watt di Kemboja

6) Taman Tergantung Babylon yang dibina lebih 3,000 tahun yang lalu

7) Menara Condong Pisa yang terletak di Itali.

Ribut Taufan Perlis 2010. Apa tandanya?

Ribut Taufan Perlis 2010. Apa tandanya?

Resepi Kuih Donat


1) 500 gram tepung gandum
2) 50 gram gula halus
3) 1 cawan susu tepung
4) ½ sudu teh garam
5) 1 bungkus yis kering
6) 1 sudu makan lemak sayur
7) 1 biji telur (pukul)
8) 2 sudu makan marjerin
9) 250 ml air suam
10) minyak masak (untuk menggoreng tenggelam)
11) Gula halus (pilihan bahan untuk salut)

Cara penyediaan:

1) Masukkan tepung, gula, susu, garam dan lemak sayur ke dalam mangkuk. Gaul rata.
2) Masukkan telur, marjerin dan air suam. Gaul rata hingga menjadi doh. Uli doh hingga tidak melekat.
3) Tutupkan dengan kain lembab, biarkan naik hingga 2 kali ganda.
4) Selepas naik tumbuk-tumbuk doh supaya angin keluar. Uli sekali lagi.
5) Bahagikan adunan kepada bebola kecil dan canaikan. Terap mengikut saiz yang dikehendaki.
6) Biarkan adunan naik sekali lagi.
7) Sementara itu panaskan minyak di dalam kuali dengan api yg sederhana.
8) Goreng donat sehingga keemasan. Angkat dan tos.
9) Biarkan donat sejuk pada suhu bilik. Golek-golekkan donat pada gula halus.

Sedia untuk dihidangkan.

Petua Hilangkan Jerawat

Nah, ni ada satu petua kecantikan untuk menghilangkan kesan jerawat kat muka anda. Ikuti langkah di bawah, okey;

1. Ambil sedikit rizom cekur dan tumbuk sehingga halus.

gambar daun cekur 1

Gambar Daun Cekur - Wikipedia

gambar rizom cekur 1

Gambar Rizom Cekur - Mardi

2. Kemudian, campurkan pula rizom cekur yang dah ditumbuk halus tadi dengan bedak sejuk.

3. Gaul dan kacau campuran tu sehingga sebati.

4. Sapukan pada kawasan kulit muka anda yang berjerawat tu sebelum tidur.

5. Pada keesokan pagi, cucilah wajah anda sampai bersih.

Amalkan pemakaian bedak sejuk + rizom cekur ni sampailah parut jerawat anda tu hilang.

Selamat Mencuba!